Nutrition & Husbandry

Probiotics:

All of our products are designed with specific strains of probiotics to target specific organs and desired results. Our probiotics are grown in sofisticated laboratories to enhance quality of each live colony included. The combination of all of the ingredients in our products, that "proprietary blend", is what sets PRO-ViTAL apart from all the other products in the market.

Vitamins:

  • Vitamin A- Works in maintaining vision as well as the integrity of epithelial cells (skin), and vital in bone growth and reproduction.
  • Vitamin D- Involved in transporting minerals to bones. Works in creating proteins and in kidney absorption.
  • Vitamin E- Helps in mobilizing Se (selenium), as well as assisting in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids. This vitamin is also a antioxidant.
  • Vitamin K- Assists in the coagulation of blood.
  • Vitamin C- Plays an important role in collagen formation and the formation of adrenal steroids.
  • Vitamin B1- Helps in the conversion of carbohydrates into energy, also helps to maintain a healthy nervous system and mucous membranes. 
  • Vitamin B2- Helps to maintain proper tissue respiration. As well as helping to convert carbohydrates into energy and maintaining a healthy nervous system and mucous membranes. 
  • Vitamin B3- 
  • Vitamin B5-
  • Vitamin B6-
  • Vitamin B7-
  • Vitamin B9-
  • Vitamin B12-

SAMe (S-Adenosyl Methionine)- SAMe is a natural form of bioactive methionine. It is a result of the conversion of methionine by ATP and the enzyme SAMe synthetase. Used by the body to produce the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinepherine, and serotonin. It is also used in the production and protection of DNA and RNA, and in the production of phosphatidylcholine, which may be beneficial in keeping cell membranes in a youthful state. SAMe is utilized by almost every cell of the body and that is why it has such a wide variety of benefits. SAMe is used by the body in the following metabolic pathways: methylation, synthesis of polyamines, and transsulphuration. Methylation is involved in protection or regulation of other molecules such as DNA and homocysteine. In Chinese medicine the liver is thought of as the seat of emotion and compromised liver function is thought to be involved in mood. Research has shown SAMe as being of benefit in lowering elevated liver enzymes. It is suspected that SAMe protects synovial cells by reversing glutathione depletion, thereby being beneficial for compromised joint function and degeneration. Studies have shown that during joint degeneration the synovial fluid may contain damaging cytokines (TNF) and free radicals. In addition, SAMe may protect proteoglycans (protein cells, composed of keratin and chondroitin sulfate) and chondrocytes (cartilage cells, that make proteoglycans and collagen) the components of the spongy tissues between joints called cartilage that breaks down during joint degeneration. For optimal metabolism and utilization of SAMe, it should be taken with B6, B12 and folic acid.

Glucosamin sulfate- Glucosamine sulfate is a basic building block used by the body to make cartilage, as well as tendons, ligaments, skin, heart valves, bone, and synovial fluid (joint fluid). It is also one of the molecules used by the body to synthesize chondroitin sulfate.

Chondroitin Sulfate- Chondroitin sulfate is a larger molecule used by the body to make cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and bone. Glucosamine is one of the building blocks of bones and cartilage.

Protease– Protease is responsible for digesting proteins in your food, which is probably one of the most difficult substances to metabolize. Because of this, protease is considered to be one of the most important enzymes that we have. If the digestive process is incomplete, undigested protein can wind up in your circulatory system, as well as in other parts of your body. When you take protease in higher quantities, it can help to clean up your body by removing the unwanted protein from your circulatory system. This will help to clean up your blood stream, and restore your energy and balance. One of the tricks of an invading organism is to wrap itself in a large protein shell that the body would view as being "normal". Large amounts of protease can help to remove this protein shell, and allow the body's defense mechanisms go into action. With the protective barrier down, your immune system can step in and destroy the invading organism. Additional amounts of protease are also helpful in fighting such things as colds, flu's, and cancerous tumor growths. Protease helps in the healing and recovery from cancer by dissolving the fibrin coating on cancer cells, and thereby giving your immune system a chance to do its job. It can effectively shrink these tumors by helping to remove the dead and abnormal tissues, and by stimulating healthy tissue growth. Protease refers to a group of enzymes whose catalytic function is to hydrolyze (breakdown) peptide bonds of proteins. They are also called proteolytic enzymes or proteinases. Proteases differ in their ability to hydrolyze various peptide bonds. Each type of protease has a specific kind of peptide bonds it breaks. Examples of proteases include: fungal protease, pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, papain, bromelain, and subtilisin. Proteolytic enzymes are very important in digestion as they break down the protein foods to liberate the amino acids needed by the body. Additionally, proteolytic enzymes have been used for a long time in various forms of therapy. Their use in medicine is gaining more and more attention as several clinical studies are indicating their benefits in oncology, inflammatory conditions, blood rheology control, and immune regulation. Contrary to old beliefs, several studies have shown that orally ingested enzymes can bypass the conditions of the GI tract and be absorbed into the blood stream while still maintaining their enzymatic activity. Commercially, proteases are produced in highly controlled aseptic conditions for food supplementation and systemic enzyme therapy. The organisms most often used are Aspergillus niger and oryzae.

Amylase- Amylase is a digestive enzyme classified as a saccharidase (an enzyme that cleaves polysaccharides). It is mainly a constituent of pancreatic juice and saliva, needed for the breakdown of long-chain carbohydrates (such as starch) into smaller units.

Lipase- an enzyme capable of degrading lipid molecules. The bulk of dietary lipids are a class called triacylglycerols and are attacked by lipases to yield simple fatty acids and glycerol, molecules which can permeate the membranes of the stomach and small intestine for use by the body. Gastric lipase, secreted by the stomach lining, has a p H value for optimal activity around neutrality and would appear, therefore, to be essentially inactive in the strongly acid environment of the stomach. It is suggested that this enzyme is more important for infant digestion since the gastric p H in infancy is much less acid than later in life. Most lipid digestion in the adult occurs in the upper loop of the small intestine and is accomplished by a lipase secreted by the pancreas.

Phospholipases- enzymes that degrade phospholipids.

Xylanase- Adding xylanase stimulates growth rates by improving digestibility, which also improves the quality of the animal litter. Xylanase thins out the gut contents and allows increased nutrient absorption and increased diffusion of pancreatic enzymes in the digesta. It also changes hemicellulose to sugars so that nutrients formerly trapped within the cell walls are released. Improving silage (or enhanced fermentative composting). Treatment of forages with xylanase (along with cellulase) results in better quality silage and improves the subsequent rate of plant cell wall digestion by ruminants. There is a considerable amount of sugar sequestered in the xylan of plant biomass. In addition to converting hemicellulose to nutritive sugar that the cow or other ruminant can digest, xylanase also produces compounds that may be a nutritive source for the ruminal micro flora.

Chelated Minerals- Chelated Minerals are the dosage form most-often recommended to assure proper daily intake. Chelation is the pharmaceutical process of bonding each mineral to an amino acid. This bonding makes it easier to digest and assimilate each nutritive mineral for proper utilization in the body.

Maltodextrin- A sweet, easily digested carbohydrate made from cornstarch. The starch is cooked, and then acid and/or enzymes (a process similar to that used by the body to digest carbohydrates) are used to break the starch into smaller chains (3-20 chains in maltodextrin). These chains are composed of several dextrose molecules held together by very weak hydrogen bonds.

Carbohydrates- are molecules of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen produced by plants through photosynthesis.

Saccharide- is a synonym for carbohydrate; a monosaccharide (mono=1) is the fundamental unit of carbohydrates.

Disaccharides- (Di=2) are molecules containing 2 monosaccharide units. Di and monosaccharide are also known as sugars, simple sugars, or simple carbohydrates. Next are oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides.

Oligosaccharides- are made of 3-9 monosaccharide links. Polysaccharides consist of 10 to thousands of monosaccharide links. A complex carbohydrate refers to many monosaccharide units linked together. In addition, you will often hear the terms "long", and "short" carbohydrate chains. Short carbohydrate chains are those under 10 sugar molecules. And long chains are those over 10 sugar molecules. This fits in conjunction with the above terms, Oligosaccharides and Polysaccharides.

Dextrose- is labeled a simple carbohydrate and Maltodextrin complex. And now this should make perfect sense. But don‘t be fooled by the word, “complex.” The bonds that compose maltodextrin are very weak and readily broken apart in your stomach; moreover, the chain is extremely minimal in composition. The weak bonds, and fragile composition of maltodextrin cause it to be digested a fraction slower than dextrose. Why this is so and what exactly hydrogen bonds are will be assessed subsequently.

Bio-Tag– Bio-Tag is derived from the cell wall of yeast, the same organism used to produce bread and beer. Since yeast is part of the plant kingdom, they form many of the same compounds found in growing green plants, including some of the carbohydrates. One of these carbohydrates is oligosaccharide containing the simple sugar mannose, which is the active ingredient in Bio-Tag. One of the many ways in which diet affects gut health is through its carbohydrate consumption. Gut microbes use diet carbohydrate for a variety of purposes, including attachment to the gut wall. Certain gut pathogens, including several of the E. coli and salmonella strains, have “docking stations” that bind mannose sugars projecting from the gut wall. This allows them to establish and cause disease. When the diet includes mannose, it increases the opportunity for potential pathogens to simply move through the gut without attaching and causing disease.